Environmental effectiveness of GAEC cross-compliance standard 2.2 "Maintaining the level of soil organic matter through crop rotation" and economic evaluation of the competitiveness gap for farmers

  • Lamberto Borrelli | lamberto.borrelli@crea.gov.it CREA-FLC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Fodder Crop and Dairy Productions, Italy.
  • Roberta Farina CREA-RPS, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for the Soil-Plant System, Italy.
  • Paolo Bazzoffi CRA-ABP, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agro-biology and Pedology, Italy.
  • Antonio Melchiorre Carroni CRA-AAM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agro-pastoral Systems in Mediterranean Environment, Italy.
  • Paola Ruda CREA-AAM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agro-pastoral Systems in Mediterranean Environment, Italy.
  • Mauro Salis CREA-AAM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agro-pastoral Systems in Mediterranean Environment, Italy.
  • Silvia Carnevale CREA-ABP, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agro-biology and Pedology, Italy.
  • Andrea Rocchini CREA-ABP, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agro-biology and Pedology, Italy.
  • Nino Virzì CREA-ACM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Center for the Citrus crops and the Mediterranean, Italy.
  • Francesco Intrigliolo CREA-ACM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Center for the Citrus crops and the Mediterranean, Italy.
  • Massimo Palumbo CREA-ACM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Center for the Citrus crops and the Mediterranean, Italy.
  • Michele Cambrea CREA-ACM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Center for the Citrus crops and the Mediterranean, Italy.
  • Alfio Platania CREA-ACM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Center for the Citrus crops and the Mediterranean, Italy.
  • Fabiola Sciacca CREA-ACM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Center for the Citrus crops and the Mediterranean, Italy.
  • Stefania Licciardello CREA-ACM, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Center for the Citrus crops and the Mediterranean, Italy.
  • Antonio Troccoli CREA-CER, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Cereal Crops, Italy.
  • Mario Russo CREA-CER, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Cereal Crops, Italy.
  • Marisanna Speroni CREA-FLC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Fodder Crop and Dairy Productions, Italy.
  • Giovanni Cabassi CREA-FLC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Fodder Crop and Dairy Productions, Italy.
  • Luigi Degano CREA-FLC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Fodder Crop and Dairy Productions, Italy.
  • Roberto Fuccella CREA-FLC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Fodder Crop and Dairy Productions, Italy.
  • Francesco Savi CREA-FLC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Fodder Crop and Dairy Productions, Italy.
  • Rosa Francaviglia CREA-RPS, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for the Soil-Plant System, Italy.
  • Ulderico Neri CREA-RPS, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for the Soil-Plant System, Italy.
  • Margherita Falcucci CREA-RPS, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for the Soil-Plant System, Italy.
  • Giampiero Simonetti CREA-RPS, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for the Soil-Plant System, Italy.
  • Olimpia Masetti CREA-RPS, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for the Soil-Plant System, Italy.
  • Gianluca Renzi CREA-RPS, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for the Soil-Plant System, Italy.
  • Domenico Ventrella CREA-SCA, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Cropping Systems in Dry Environments, Italy.
  • Vittorio Alessandro Vonella CREA-SCA, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Cropping Systems in Dry Environments, Italy.
  • Luisa Giglio CREA-SCA, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Cropping Systems in Dry Environments, Italy.
  • Francesco Fornaro CREA-SCA, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Cropping Systems in Dry Environments, Italy.
  • Rita Leogrande CREA-SCA, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Cropping Systems in Dry Environments, Italy.
  • Carolina Vitti CREA-SCA, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Cropping Systems in Dry Environments, Italy.
  • Marcello Mastrangelo CREA-SCA, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Cropping Systems in Dry Environments, Italy.
  • Francesco Montemurro CREA-SSC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for the Study of Cropping Systems, Italy.
  • Angelo Fiore CREA-SSC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for the Study of Cropping Systems, Italy.
  • Mariangela Diacono CREA-SSC, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for the Study of Cropping Systems, Italy.
  • Lorenzo Furlan Veneto Agricoltura, Regional Agency for the agricultural, forestry and agri-food sector, Italy.
  • Francesca Chiarini Veneto Agricoltura, Regional Agency for the agricultural, forestry and agri-food sector, Italy.
  • Francesco Fracasso Veneto Agricoltura, Regional Agency for the agricultural, forestry and agri-food sector, Italy.
  • Erica Sartori Veneto Agricoltura, Regional Agency for the agricultural, forestry and agri-food sector, Italy.
  • Antonio Barbieri Veneto Agricoltura, Regional Agency for the agricultural, forestry and agri-food sector, Italy.
  • Francesco Fagotto Veneto Agricoltura, Regional Agency for the agricultural, forestry and agri-food sector, Italy.
  • Marco Fedrizzi CREA-ING, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agricultural Engineering, Italy.
  • Giulio Sperandio CREA-ING, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agricultural Engineering, Italy.
  • Mauro Pagano CREA-ING, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agricultural Engineering, Italy.
  • Roberto Fanigliulo CREA-ING, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agricultural Engineering, Italy.
  • Mirko Guerrieri CREA-ING, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agricultural Engineering, Italy.
  • Daniele Puri CREA-ING, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Unit for Agricultural Engineering, Italy.
  • Michele Colauzzi Fondazione Morando Bolognini, Italy.

Abstract

Within the Project MO.NA.CO was evaluated the Environmental effectiveness of GAEC cross-compliance standard 2.2 “Maintaining the level of soil organic matter through crop rotation” and economic evaluation of the competitiveness gap for farmers who support or not the cross-compliance regime. The monitoring was performed in nine experimental farms of the Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA) distributed throughout Italy and with different soil and climatic conditions. Were also evaluated the soil organic matter and some yield parameters, in a cereal monocropping (treatment counterfactual) and a two-year rotation cereal-legume or forage (treatment factual). The two-years application of the standard “crop rotations” has produced contrasting results with regards to the storage of soil organic matter through crop rotation and these were not sufficient to demonstrate a statistically significant effect of treatment in any of the farms considered in monitoring, only in those farms subjected to more years of monitoring was recorded only a slight effect of the standard as a trend. The variations of organic matter in soils in response to changes in the culture technique or in the management of the soil may have long lag times and two years of time are not sufficient to demonstrate the dynamics of SOM associated with the treatment, also in consideration of the large inter annual variability recorded in different monitored sites.

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Published
2015-11-12
Keywords:
Cross compliance, rural development, Standard 2.2, crop rotation, competitiveness.
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Article - Italian: 289
Article - English: 347
Technical Report: 272
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How to Cite
Borrelli, L., Farina, R., Bazzoffi, P., Carroni, A., Ruda, P., Salis, M., Carnevale, S., Rocchini, A., Virzì, N., Intrigliolo, F., Palumbo, M., Cambrea, M., Platania, A., Sciacca, F., Licciardello, S., Troccoli, A., Russo, M., Speroni, M., Cabassi, G., Degano, L., Fuccella, R., Savi, F., Francaviglia, R., Neri, U., Falcucci, M., Simonetti, G., Masetti, O., Renzi, G., Ventrella, D., Vonella, V., Giglio, L., Fornaro, F., Leogrande, R., Vitti, C., Mastrangelo, M., Montemurro, F., Fiore, A., Diacono, M., Furlan, L., Chiarini, F., Fracasso, F., Sartori, E., Barbieri, A., Fagotto, F., Fedrizzi, M., Sperandio, G., Pagano, M., Fanigliulo, R., Guerrieri, M., Puri, D., & Colauzzi, M. (2015). Environmental effectiveness of GAEC cross-compliance standard 2.2 "Maintaining the level of soil organic matter through crop rotation" and economic evaluation of the competitiveness gap for farmers. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 10(1s). https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2015.689

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