Environmental effectiveness of GAEC cross-compliance Standard 4.2 on biodiversity in set-aside management and economic evaluation of the competitiveness gap for farmers, part I

  • Stefano Mocali | stefano.mocali@crea.gov.it CREA-ABP, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Silvia Landi CREA-ABP Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Arturo Fabiani CREA-ABP, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Raimondo Piccolo CREA-ABP, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Alessandro Agnelli CREA-ABP, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Giada d'Errico CREA-ABP, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Giuseppe Mazza CREA-ABP, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Marco Fedrizzi CREA-ING, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Giulio Sperandio CREA-ING, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Mirko Guerrieri CREA-ING, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Mauro Pagano CREA-ING, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Daniele Puri CREA-ING, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Paolo Bazzoffi CREA-ABP, Council for agricultural research and economic, Italy.
  • Marta Biaggini Museo di Storia Naturale dell’Università di Firenze, Italy.
  • Pietro Lo Cascio Associazione Nesos, Italy.
  • Claudia Corti Museo di Storia Naturale dell’Università di Firenze, Italy.

Abstract

In 2005, the CAP reform introduced the principle of conditionality that enables the access to single payments for farmers only ‘on condition’ that a series of commitments, such as the Statutory Management Requirements (SMR) and Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions (GAEC), are respected. In particular, the GAEC Standard 4.2 aims to ensure the proper management of the set-aside fields through specific agronomic practices consisting in mowing or equivalent operations in order to conserve and protect biodiversity. This is considered one of the main environmental challenges of the new CAP. In the present work, we report the results of a monitoring activity aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the Standard 4.2 on soil biodiversity. Monitoring involved both, soil microorganisms and soil arthropod fauna, representing the so-called ‘invisible biodiversity’, a key element for soil fertility and sustainability, as well as the ground-dwelling arthropods. Two different managements of set-aside, with and without mowing, were compared in three different areas in Italy: Caorle (VE), Fagna (FI), and Metaponto (MT). The results showed a slight but significant increase in biodiversity in the plots where mowing was applied.

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Published
2016-03-08
Keywords:
Cross-compliance, rural development, Standard 4.2, biodiversity in set-aside, competitiveness.
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Abstract views: 686

Article - Italian: 334
Article - English: 278
Technical Report: 258
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How to Cite
Mocali, S., Landi, S., Fabiani, A., Piccolo, R., Agnelli, A., d’Errico, G., Mazza, G., Fedrizzi, M., Sperandio, G., Guerrieri, M., Pagano, M., Puri, D., Bazzoffi, P., Biaggini, M., Lo Cascio, P., & Corti, C. (2016). Environmental effectiveness of GAEC cross-compliance Standard 4.2 on biodiversity in set-aside management and economic evaluation of the competitiveness gap for farmers, part I. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 10(1s). https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2015.711