Analysis of gluten proteins composition during grain filling in two durum wheat cultivars submitted to two water regimes

  • Marcella Michela Giuliani Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, degli Alimenti e dell’Ambiente, Università di Foggia, Italy.
  • Michele Andrea De Santis Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, degli Alimenti e dell’Ambiente, Università di Foggia, Italy.
  • Marianna Pompa Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, degli Alimenti e dell’Ambiente, Università di Foggia, Italy.
  • Luigia Giuzio Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, degli Alimenti e dell’Ambiente, Università di Foggia, Italy.
  • Zina Flagella | zina.flagella@unifg.it Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, degli Alimenti e dell’Ambiente, Università di Foggia, Italy.

Abstract

Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum) is one of the major crops in the Mediterranean basin, where water stress often occurs during grain filling which represents a critical stage for the synthesis and accumulation of storage proteins (gliadins and glutenins). The aim of the study is to evaluate, by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE SDS-PAGE), the storage proteins composition of two durum wheat cultivars (Ciccio and Svevo) cultivated in a growth chamber under two different water regimes (control and water deficit). At milk stage and physiological maturity, gluten proteins have been extracted and separated by 2DE SDS-PAGE. The analysis of the gels was performed by the software ImageMaster 2D Platinum (Amersham). The results showed differences in protein expression within the different gel regions between water regimes and cultivars; under water deficit the rate of protein accumulation was faster for all the protein regions, either at milk and physiological stage. Protein accumulation within high molecular weight (H) region resulted faster in Ciccio than in Svevo mainly in the control treatment. In the low molecular weight region between 48 and 35 kDa (L 48-35), the cultivar Ciccio showed a higher protein expression than Svevo. Furthermore under water deficit a marked increase in H region volume and a decrease in the L 48-35 region was observed only for Svevo; instead in Ciccio no change was observed showing this cultivar a greater stability on changing water regime. Further studies by the use of mass spectrometry are necessary to identify specific peptides relative to drought stress during grain filling as well as to investigate the relationships with technological quality.

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Published
2014-02-04
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Original Articles
Keywords:
durum wheat, gluten proteins, grain filling, water deficit.
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How to Cite
Giuliani, M. M., De Santis, M. A., Pompa, M., Giuzio, L., & Flagella, Z. (2014). Analysis of gluten proteins composition during grain filling in two durum wheat cultivars submitted to two water regimes. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 9(1), 15-19. https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2014.558